The following is a constant/variable assessment and pre/post reflection conducted by the lead teachers of the first classroom to implement the K-Way.

Example of a Constant/Variable Assessment before implementing the K-Way


  • Play food in the kitchen

  • Dramatic play costumes and accessories

  • Kitchen dishes and silverware

  • Blocks and Legos

  • Toy animals

  • Dolls and doll accessories

  • Most books in the reading/library center

  • Math games and puzzles

  • Unit cubes

  • Rulers

  • Train set

  • Cars

  • Writing utensils and paper in writing center

  • Couch and chair in reading center

  • Kitchen furniture (refrigerator, stove, cabinets, shelves, table and chairs)

  • Storage units for materials in each center

  • Baskets in storage units

  • Scientific instruments (magnifying glasses, eye droppers, microscope)

  • Art easel

  • Pillows and stuffed animals in reading center


  • Art supplies offered to the children depends largely on the craft/project planned by the teacher

  • Some art materials offered at the easel/art center are changed by the teacher but often just cycle through paint, crayons and markers.

  • Sensory bin materials

  • Science center organic materials

  • Words in the language and literacy center

  • Books in the library sometimes are changed by the teacher. Usually a few books related to the theme are brought in and then removed at the end of the week.

  • The teacher will sometimes bring in variables depending on the theme of the week. Examples include recycled materials to build with during a recycling themed unit or more cars/vehicles to play with during a transportation unit.

Example of a Constant/Variable Assessment after implementing the K-Way


  • Refrigerator

  • Table/chairs

  • Stove

  • Sink

  • Cabinets

  • Couches

  • Chairs

  • Carpet

  • Toy shelf/storage area

  • Conveyor belt/cash register

  • Faux grass

  • Palm trees

  • Paper tree in forest

  • Water/ocean area

  • Mailbox


  • Blocks/building materials

  • Art supplies, including a variety of mediums and paper/alternative canvases

  • Writing utensils

  • Scientific instruments

  • Measuring tools

  • Math tools

  • Food/Market items

  • Fabrics

  • Toys/games 

  • Items in the mailbox

  • Organic materials (rocks, shells, snake skin, sticks)

  • Dolls/toy people/vehicles

  • Faux nature (fake flowers, fake trees, fake leaves)

  • Recycled materials

  • Toy animals/insects

  • Gross motor toys (balls, jump ropes, parachutes)

  • Fine motor toys (puzzles, Legos, magnets, dominoes)

  • Fake food and kitchen supplies 

  • Dramatic play materials (pillows, blankets, carpet squares, props, accessories, rugs, lamps, bird cage)

Pre/Post Reflection

Pre K-Way

Prior to implementing the K-Way, our classroom was divided into centers. The centers and materials contained within were as follows:

Block (sometimes called blocks and building center or construction center)

  • Unit blocks

  • Legos

  • Train sets

  • Cars

  • Sometimes a dollhouse and dolls

Math and manipulatives

  • Math games

  • Rulers

  • Unit cubes

  • Counting games

  • Scales

  • Puzzles

Language and literacy (sometimes called the writing center)

  • Paper

  • Pencils

  • Word cards

  • Stencils

Reading (sometimes called the library center)

  • Books

  • Pillows

  • Stuffed animals


  • Easel(s)

  • Paper

  • Markers

  • Various art supplies either accessible by the children or supplied by the teachers as desired


  • Magnifying glasses

  • Microscopes

  • Sensory bin

  • Organic materials (rocks, shells, leaves) sometimes changed by the teacher

  • Animal figures (land animals, ocean animals, dinosaurs)

  • Toy insects

Dramatic Play (sometimes called kitchen)

  • Kitchen play set, including refrigerator, stove, cabinets, and sink

  • Dishes and utensils

  • Play food

  • Table with chairs

  • Costumes, usually on a clothing rack with a mirror

  • Accessories (purses, jewelry, hats)

  • Dolls and doll accessories (bed, clothes, diapers, bottles)

With the exception of arts and crafts materials, some organic materials, books, and themed materials most of the items within the classroom stayed consistent throughout the year. Some manipulations occurred, such as changing out the puzzles, exchanging toys, and cycling through supplies, but mostly the materials accessible to the children, and how they were presented, remained the same. 

Post K-Way

The K-Way significantly changed the way we stored and presented materials to the children. Rather than keeping materials in specified centers, most materials were stored in the HUB and available to be used by the children in countless ways.  The IN/OUT design reduced the amount of defined space in our classroom, allowing more imaginative and creative play to take place. After restructuring our classroom the K-Way the areas and materials within them were as follows:


  • Refrigerator

  • Shelving for market/grocery items

  • Cabinets (storage) for dishes/food

  • Paper/reusable grocery bags

  • Check out center (cash register, scanner)

  • Table and chairs

  • Stove

  • Sink

  • Couch

  • Over-stuffed chairs

  • Fluffy carpet

  • Side table

  • Wall decals- bird cage and window looking out on snowy scene


  • Large palm trees

  • Forest area- faux grass, small, fake trees (50), mirror on the wall, tree decals, large paper tree with paper chain leaves, natural wood pieces

  • Ocean area- sand colored carpeting, fish scale wall paper, blue streamers and jelly fish hanging from ceiling, blue shaggy carpet folded to look like a wave, ocean themed books, sea shells

  • Mailbox- we are using a treasure chest as our mailbox

HUB (central storage area for materials children can use throughout the classroom. Items in the hub will change to reflect the current theme/focus):

  • Blocks/building materials

  • Art supplies

  • Writing utensils

  • Scientific instruments

  • Measuring tools (i.e. scales, rulers, measuring cups/spoons)

  • Math tools (i.e. counting/pattern blocks, sorting trays, stopwatches)

  • Fabric (a variety of open-ended textiles for children to use in a variety of ways)

  • Pillows

  • Rugs/carpet squares

  • Baby dolls and baby doll accessories (i.e. diapers, wipes, crib, bottles)

  • Vehicles (i.e. cars, trains, planes)

  • Toy people

  • Toy animals/dinosaurs/insects

  • Food/utensils/dishes

  • Recycled materials to be used in various ways including construction and art

  • Balls

  • Faux flowers

  • Organic materials (i.e. shells, leaves, rocks, wood)

Various writing utensils and paper will be offered throughout the classroom, in both the IN and OUT areas (i.e. small white board with dry erase marker on fridge, notepad and pen on side table, grocery list with pencil in market, journal or clipboard in the OUT, etc.)

Books will be offered throughout the classroom (different books will be available in the HUB, books about ocean animals may be found in the ocean/water area, books about trees might be found in the forest area, etc.)

The HUB will be stocked with materials for the children to manipulate throughout the classroom. Materials in the HUB are considered variables and will change to reflect the theme/focus and the interest, abilities and needs of the children.

The following are materials that may be found in the HUB:

Blocks/building materials: standard wooden unit blocks, Legos, recycled materials, recycled wood, washers, nuts and bolts, etc.

Scientific instruments: magnifying glasses, microscope, small clear containers, mirrors, eye droppers, turkey basters, funnels, etc.

Measuring and math tools: scales, stopwatches, timers, measuring cups/spoons, counting cubes, pattern blocks, rulers, measuring tape, etc.)

Writing utensils: markers of various colors and sizes, pens, crayons (standard, thin, chubby), pencils (standard, triangular, extra-large, mechanical), dry paint brushes for writing in sand (or another dry material), dry erase markers, chalk, etc.

Paper/alternative canvases: cardstock, copy paper, construction paper, index cards, notebooks/notepads, cardboard, easel paper, chalkboards, dry-erase boards, butcher paper, etc.

Open-ended fabrics- scarves, a variety of textiles, cut pieces of recycled clothing, etc.

Dramatic play tools- dolls/doll accessories, vehicles, pillows, carpet squares/rugs, toy lamps, blankets, etc.

Food/Dishes/Materials in the market and cooking area should reflect the theme/focus. For example, if the focus of the week is on “things that grow” the market may be set-up to reflect a farmer’s market. It may be stocked with fake produce, recycled egg cartons and produce baskets/crates, and reusable shopping bags. The cooking area may be stocked with scrub brushes for “washing” the produce, large salad bowls, wooden utensils and wooden dishes.

The HUB will also be stocked to reflect the theme/focus. If the focus is on “things that grow” the children may find in the HUB gardening tools (shovels, spades, pails, gloves, etc.), empty seed packets, watering cans, seeds or soil in sealed, clear containers, faux plants and flowers, real plants and flowers, and tools for measuring growth (scales, measuring tape, rulers, etc.)

©2019 The K-Way

© 2019 by Tammy and Mia Kaiser

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